Record-Breaking Year for European Offshore Wind in 2023


Europe experienced a historic year in 2023 with a record-breaking installation of 4.2 gigawatts of new offshore wind power, according to WindEurope. Although this marked a 40 percent increase from 2022, the region is still behind its targets. The growth rate is expected to slow this year, but approximately 5 gigawatts of new offshore wind capacity are anticipated. WindEurope expressed renewed confidence and optimism in the sector, noting that the Netherlands, France, and the UK led in installing the most new capacity.

In 2023, a record-breaking 30 billion euros worth of new offshore wind projects were approved, leading to the green light for eight major offshore wind projects in the coming years, as reported by WindEurope. Despite this, the anticipated 5 gigawatts of new offshore wind production expected to come online in 2025 and 2026 falls significantly short of Europe's 2030 target of 111 gigawatts. To reach this goal, European countries must build 24 gigawatts annually from 2027 to 2030, a stark contrast to the current capacity of the offshore wind supply chain, which can only produce around 7 gigawatts each year. 

Offshore wind plays a crucial role in Europe's efforts to decarbonize electricity production and achieve its 2050 net-zero carbon production target. To address supply chain challenges and reduce reliance on Chinese manufacturers, several new factory projects were announced in 2023. WindEurope emphasized the need for additional investments in offshore wind to prevent bottlenecks in the supply chain. Investment in offshore wind had faced challenges in 2022 due to supply chain disruptions, high interest rates, and spikes in raw material prices.

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